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Truck Drone Pegasus
The PEGASUS vertical take-off and landing cargo drone, with a payload of 50 kg, is a quadrocopter type, with control by changing the pitch of the propellers, in the basic version, equipped with a single drive from an internal combustion engine.
The used transmission scheme provides good values of the specific share of the payload, which when using a rotary-piston engine is 0.6 of the total weight of the device.
Version of the landing/take-off – vertical.
Flight range, mile, not less than 124.
Static ceiling, ft, no more than 13 123.
Traction power (at the ground), not less than 1.5÷2
Maximum permissible wind speed, ft/sec, no more than 98.
Maximum flight speed (in horizontal flight), miles/h, at least 49.
Flight time, min, not less than 180.
Payload weight, kg, no more than 50.
Weight of the loaded vehicle, pounds, no more than 176.
The PEGASUS is a quadrocopter with vertical take-off and landing capabilities. It is controlled by changing the pitch of its propellers alongside a cargo drone that has a payload of 110 pounds. In the most simplistic version, it is equipped with a single drive from an internal combustion engine.
The used transmission schema yields great value from the specific share of the payload, which when using a rotary-piston engine comprises 0.6 of the total weight of the device.
Structurally, the device is designed according to the scheme of the "H" - Shaped Quadrocopter.
TheFuselage (our box-type) contains a fuel tank (with a capacity of 30 liters), as well as a strategically placed instrument compartment. The basic version is equipped with a two-cylinder engine, with forced air cooling.
The Design of the Transmission, if necessary, allows you to use a drive engine that is compatible with a variety of engines (e.g., electric, internal combustion engine piston, hybrid, turbojet, Wankel, etc.).
Lifting and Traction Propellers reduce the aerodynamic drag of the vehicle in either a horizontal flight or rotary.
To compensate for the possible displacement of the center of mass, the Angle of Rotation (in the rear pair of screws) may differ from the angle of rotation (in the front pair of screws) more or less, depending primarily upon the direction of displacement in reference to the center of mass.
The Payload is placed (attached) at the bottom of the fuselage or on its side surfaces.
The Devices are controlled by changing the pitch of the screws.
The Torque from the Main Engine, en route to the main screws, is distributed from a single shaft located under the instrument compartment and fuel tank.
The Device's Consoles are removable, which significantly diminishes the requirements for the size of the transport container.
Specific Power Consumption: 250-300 W/kg of Thrust
MAIN TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
1. Format of Landing/Take-Off -- Vertical 2. Flight Range -- No Less Than 124 Miles 3. Static Ceiling -- No More Than 13,123 Feet 4. Traction Power (At the Ground) -- No Less Than 1.5÷2 5. Maximum Permissible Wind Speed -- No More Than 98 Ft/Sec. 6. Maximum Flight Speed (In Horizontal Flight) -- At Least 49 MPH. 7. Flight Time -- No Less Than 180 Minutes 8. Payload Weight -- No More Than 110 Pounds 9. Weight of the Loaded Vehicle -- No More Than 176 Pounds
POSSIBLE TYPE OF PEGASUS ENGINE BLOCK
Internal Combustion Engine
The Internal Combustion Engine of the Wankel
Diagram I: 1 - The Instrument Compartment; 2 - The Fuel Tank; 3 - The Engine (Internal Combustion); 4 - The Place for the Payload; 5 - The Protective Cover of the Screws; 6 - The Course and Aft Gyrostabilized Chambers
Diagram II: 1 - Main Engine (Internal Combustion); 2 - Belt Drive; 3 - Front and Rear Transfer Gears; 4 - Angular Gearboxes of the Propeller Drive; 5 - The Mechanism for Changing the Pitch of the Screws (Not Depicted)
To ensure reliability, it is possible to use four different control systems including:
• A Radio Control System (AM) from a ground station with a carrier frequency of 433 MHz and a maximum range of up to 200 km (radio horizon);
• A Data Management and Transmission System (including video data) via mobile communication channels (GSM) communications, 4G and 5G generation -- with coverage area action;
• A System for Managing and Transmitting Data (including video data) via commercial networks,
satellite systems (e.g., Inmarsat, Globalstar, Iridium, Thuraya, Eutelsat, etc.), and in the future (~3-5 years) via the global Internet (e.g., Iridium Communications Inc, Starlink, OneWeb, Samsung, LeoSat, Boeing, Telesat, Hongyun [CASIC], etc.), which will provide limitless global coverage in terms of range and communication with the device;
• An Inertial Control System that determines the behavior of the device when an emergency event takes place.
The specific type of control system and the possibility of duplicating them is determined jointly with the customer at the stage of forming a preliminary technical specification.
The Payload is diverse and represents:
1. Optical Means of Monitoring the Earth's Surface (e.g., optical heads, high-resolution aerial cameras, panoramic cameras, high-power lidars, etc.);
2.Radar Means for Monitoring the Earth's Surface (e.g., lateral and circular view locators, meteorological locators, electronic warfare equipment, etc.);
6.Civil Cargo (e.g., temporary housing, rescue equipment, dry cargo and liquid cargo [e.g., chemical fertilizers for processing up to 6 ha of crops], etc.);
7. Search and Rescue Equipment (e.g., searchlights, lighting chandeliers, etc.);
8. Transport Car Trailer
The PEGASUS Cargo Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, with its technical capabilities, has many possible applications, including the traditional ones inherent in "small" unmanned aerial vehicles with a payload of up to 22 pounds.
The Most Popular of the Application Options Are the Following:
• Optical Monitoring of the Earth's Surface
• Radar Monitoring for the Earth's Surface and Surrounding Areas
• Search and Rescue
• Conducting Fire-Fighting Measures
• Cargo Delivery
• Monitoring and Processing of Farmland
• Bathymetric and Geological Studies
OPTICAL MONITORING OF THE EARTH'S SURFACE
• Conducting Aerial Photography of the Earth's Surface • Building a 3D Image of the Earth's Surface, Based on Photographs • Designing a 3D Construction of the Earth's Surface, Using Lidar
• Mapping the Earth's Surface • Monitoring the State of Farmland • Protecting Territories
Building 3D Surfaces
MONITORING OF THE EARTH'S SURFACE VIA RADAR
Radar, monitoring both the earth's surface and environment, can be located on board the PEGASUS and be used in any weather/time of day. This function significantly expands the capabilities of unmanned aerial vehicles and their effectiveness. In particular, radar tools allow you to perform the following:
• Search and Detection of Moving and Non-Moving Objects (e.g., Cars, Ships, Boats, and People) in Difficult Weather Conditions at Any Time of the Day • Selection of Moving Targets • Detection of Dangerous Weather Formations • Obtaining High-Resolution Radar Images • Monitoring of Vegetation Cover • Detection of People and Technical Objects Under Dense Foliage in Forests and Jungles • Estimation of the Volume of Biomass
• Determination of the Type and State of Vegetation Cover • Detection of Objects of Shallow (Up to 3 m) Underground Occurrence (e.g., Illegal Tie-ins in Pipeline Transport, etc.) • Determination of the Thickness and Building Maps of Ice Cover • Monitoring of the Hydrological Situation Along Pipeline Lines • Fixing Underground Leaks of Earthen Dams • Detection of Oil Spills on Water Surfaces • Measurement of Water Salinity, etc.
Control Over the Environment
THE RADAR CIRCULAR REVIEW'S
Monitoring of Dangerous Weather Formations
2D and 3D Images of the Earth's Surface
RADARS WITH SYNTHETIC APERTURE
Registration of Changes (i.e., Finding Lost, Missing, or Wanted Persons, etc.)
RADARS WITH SYNTHETIC APERTURE
SEARCH AND RESCUE
The combination of technical capabilities and on-board monitoring of the Earth's surface makes it possible to conduct search and rescue activities at a higher level, which may include:
• Searching for a Person(s) in a Dense Forest, on the Water (in Dangerous Areas), or Under a Small Layer of Snow (e.g., from an Avalanche) • Delivering Rescue Equipment and Medical Supplies
• Monitoring Emergency Zones (e.g., Flood Zones, Earthquake Zones, etc.) • Maintaining Control of the Sea Coast
A Search for People in the Forest
The Observation of the Coast
The Observation of Dangerous Animals
CONDUCTING FIRE PREVENTION MEASURES
• Searching for Fires • Monitoring the Spread of Fires
• Extinguishing Fires with Cluster Fire-Fighting Equipment (For Example) • Finding People Trapped in Fire Zones
Glimpsing a Fire in a Swamp (Via Thermal Imaging)
Monitoring the Spread of Fire
Searching for People Trapped in Fire Zones
This service offers the ability to deliver relief supplies to persons who are in areas that are deemed especially dangerous, such as combat zones and / or emergency zones.
Delivery of Cargo to Combat Zones
Cargo Delivery to Emergency Zones
Delivery of Goods from Warehouses to Specific Recipients
MONITORING AND PROCESSING AGRICULTURAL PLANTINGS
• Analyzing Soil • Planting Seeds • Observing the State of Crops
• Monitoring Crop Treatment via Spraying (Especially on Land with Difficult Terrain) • Producing a Forecast
A View of Crop Spraying
A Multispectral Survey of Farmland
BATHYMETRIC AND GEOLOGICAL STUDIES
This capability profiles the bottom of freshwater reservoirs (up to a depth of 49 ft), as well as altitudes (up to 65 ft), using Cobra PLUG-IN GPR radars. In addition, it allows for geological research, up to depths of 360 ft.
COBRA PLUG-IN GPR Family of GPR Radars
Results of Profiling a Frozen Lake
Soil Layers Under a Parking Lot (Measured Up to a Depth of 36 m)
Detection of Ancient Buildings Under the Ground in Archaeological Research